Adli Bilimler Açısından Kokunun Önemi
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Anahtar Kelimeler

adli koku
biyolojik dedektör
uçucu organik bileşik

Nasıl Atıf Yapmalı

1.
Mutlu E, Aşıcıoğlu F. Adli Bilimler Açısından Kokunun Önemi. Adli Tıp Bülteni [Internet]. 29 Aralık 2019 [a.yer 27 Ocak 2020];24(3):262-73. Erişim adresi: https://adlitipbulteni.com/atb/article/view/1308

Öz

Uyuşturucu, patlayıcı maddeler veya insan vücudu tarafından serbest bırakılan uçucu organik birleşiklerin kokusunun belirlenebilmesi kaçakçılığın, terörün, canlı veya ölü bireyin varlığını gösterebileceği gibi bir kişiyi belirli bir yer veya nesneyle ilişkilendirebileceği için ceza soruşturmalarında artan bir öneme sahiptir. Her ne kadar koku tespitinde kullanılan araç ve gereçler son yıllarda önemli ölçüde iyileşmiş, biyolojik detektörler olan köpekler ile rekabet edebilecek seviyeye yaklaşmış olsalar da, köpeklerin hız, çok yönlülük, kokuyu takip etme becerisi ve ayırt edici özelliklerinden dolayı hala koku kaynağının tespitinde ilk tercih olarak kullanıldıkları kabul edilmektedir. Uçucu organik birleşiklerin tespitinde kaydedilen ilerlemelerin yanı sıra, cihazlar ve köpekler için standardize uygulamaların geliştirilmesi, kokunun kanıt olarak güvenilirliğini sürekli olarak artırmaktadır. İyi uygulama kılavuzlarının geliştirilmesi, ilgilenilen uçucu organik birleşiklerin tespit edilmesindeki duyarlılık, seçicilik ve güvenilirliğinin artması ile bugün için sadece takip ve yakalamada kullanılan yöntemin ceza yargılamasında kabul edilebilir bir adli kanıt olarak kullanımını olanaklı kılacaktır. Bu çalışmada koku algılamasında rolü olan anatomik yapılar, histolojik ve fizyolojik mekanizma ile halen bu süreçte kullanılan temel aktörler olan köpeklerin anatomik, fizyolojik, genetik farklılıkları, eğitimleri ve eğiticileri ile olan ilişkileri, sınırlamaları, bu alanda kullanılan analitik cihazların temel prensip ve kapasiteleri ile kaydedilen ilerlemeler araştırılmış ve okuyucuya derli toplu bir şekilde sunulması amaçlanmıştır.

https://doi.org/10.17986/blm.2019356621
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Kaynaklar

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Adli Koku Ünver Y, Hancı H. 2017

Adli Tıp Bülteni, açık erişimli bilimsel bir dergidir. Açık erişim, çalışmaların özgürce halka açılmasının bilginin küresel olarak paylaşımını arttıracağı prensibine dayanarak kullanıcı veya kurumlara ücret ödemeden tüm içeriğin serbest biçimde sunulması demektir. Dergimiz ve bu internet sitesinin tüm içeriği Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) lisansının şartları ile ruhsatlandırılmıştır. Bu durum, Budapeşte açık erişim girişiminin (BOAI) açık erişim tanımı ile uyumludur.
Creative Commons Attribution Lisansı, kullanıcıların bir makaleyi kopyalamasına, dağıtmasına ve nakletmesine, makaleyi uyarlamasına ve makalenin ticari olarak kullanılmasına imkan tanımaktadır. CC BY lisansı, yazarına uygun şekilde atfedildiği sürece açık erişimli bir makalenin ticari ve ticari olmayan mahiyette kullanılmasına izin vermektedir.
Adli Tıp Bülteni, hak sahipleri olarak yazarların, makalenin kabulünden önce telif hakkı ve etik sözleşmesini imzalayarak dergiye göndermesini talep etmektedir. Yazarlar, çalışmalarının telif hakkını elinde tutmaya devam etmekte, Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneğine yayınlama izni vermektedir. Bu sayede hem Dergi makaleyi yayımlama hakkına sahip olmakta hem de söz konusu çalışmanın yazarın kendi özgün çalışması olduğu ve geçerli bir araştırmaya dayandığını beyan etmesi dahil çeşitli hususların doğrulanmasına imkan vermektedir.
Çalışmalarının Dergimizde yayınlanmasını isteyen yazarlar aşağıdaki şartları kabul etmiş sayılırlar:
*Telif hakkı yazarlarda kalmakla birlikte, Dergimize çalışmayı ilk kez yayınlama izni verilmekte, aynı anda yazara atıfta bulunulmak ve ilk kez dergimizde yayınlandığı belirtilmek kaydı ile çalışmanın özgürce paylaşılmasına imkan tanıyan Creative Commons Attribution Lisansı ile ruhsatlandırılmaktadır.
*Yazarlar, çalışmanın ilk kez dergimizde yayınlandığı belirtilmek kaydı ile, dergimizde yayınlanan sürümünün münhasır olmayan şekilde dağıtılması (Ör., kurumsal bir bilgi havuzuna eklenmesi veya bir kitapta yayınlanması) için ayrı, ek sözleşmeler yapabilirler.
*Yayınlanan çalışmanın daha erken ve daha fazla atıf alması kadar bilginin daha verimli olarak paylaşılmasına imkan sağlayacağından dolayı, değerlendirmeye gönderilme öncesinde ve sonrasında yazarların çalışmalarını çevrimiçi olarak yayınlamalarına (kişisel internet sayfalarında yahut kurumsal havuzlarda) izin verilmekte ve teşvik edilmektedir.

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